国际旅游研究院 (International Academy for the Study of Tourism) 1988年6月成立于西班牙桑坦德(21-24 June 1988 Santander, Spain),是权威性国际旅游学术组织,其成立宗旨在于促进旅游的学术研究和专业探索。根据其章程,国际旅游研究院会士只在对旅游学术研究作出杰出贡献的学者之中遴选,全球在任的会士人数原则上不得超过75人。

The goal of the Academy is to further the scholarly research and professional investigation of tourism. Fellows of the Academy are elected to membership on the basis of their scholarly achievements and contributions to our understanding of the fascinating activity that is tourism.

官方网站:

www.tourismscholars.org

https://www.polyu.edu.hk/htm/academy/index.php

国际旅游研究院 (International Academy for the Study of Tourism) 的历史

https://www.polyu.edu.hk/htm/academy/history.php

academy web head img

 

R软件或R语言是一个自由、免费、源代码开放的软件,它是一个用于统计计算和统计制图的优秀工具。

网上有很多R软件英文书籍,为了学习的方便,英文界面是需要的。

但是R软件默认安装都会根据中文操作系统设为中文界面,本文介绍了更改为英文界面的方法。

检索英文网页说明,本人发布了一条百度经验

https://jingyan.baidu.com/article/d7130635291e4513fdf47588.html

  • 在window的开始菜单,选中R软件图标
  • 单击鼠标右键,点击[属性]
  • 在[目标]处,末尾加上[空格],加上“ language=English
  • 可能出现错误提示,不用理会,点击[继续]可以。
  • 如果正在运行R软件,关闭程序,重新启动,则显示为英文界面

ren

 

TED演讲标题:Good or bad are incomplete stories we tell ourselves

演讲者:Heather Lanier

官方网址:https://www.ted.com/talks/heather_lanier_good_and_bad_are_incomplete_stories_we_tell_ourselves

good or bad

演讲的开头是这样一段,这不是英文版的“塞翁失马,焉知非福”吗?!

There's an ancient parable about a farmer who lost his horse. And neighbors came over to say, "Oh, that's too bad." And the farmer said, "Good or bad, hard to say." Days later, the horse returns and brings with it seven wild horses. And neighbors come over to say, "Oh, that's so good!" And the farmer just shrugs and says, "Good or bad, hard to say." The next day, the farmer's son rides one of the wild horses, is thrown off and breaks his leg. And the neighbors say, "Oh, that's terrible luck." And the farmer says, "Good or bad, hard to say." Eventually, officers come knocking on people's doors, looking for men to draft for an army, and they see the farmer's son and his leg and they pass him by. And neighbors say, "Ooh, that's great luck!" And the farmer says, "Good or bad, hard to say."

紧接着是一段关于真实的讨论,现实是流变的(reality is much more fluid),我们通过给情境贴标签让流变的现实凝固了。

To me, the story is not about looking on the bright side or waiting to see how things turn out. It's about how eager we can be to label a situation, to put concrete around it by judging it. But reality is much more fluid, and good and bad are often incomplete stories that we tell ourselves. The parable has been my warning that by gripping tightly to the story of good or bad, I close down my ability to truly see a situation. I learn more when I proceed and loosen my grip and proceed openly with curiosity and wonder.

后面是演讲者孩子的故事,我们如何更加开放的面对生活中的一切,特别是艰辛的部分。

Heather Lanier at TED@BCG Milan

标签云文字云是关键词的视觉化描述,用于汇总用户生成的标签或一个网站的文字内容。标签一般是独立的词汇,常常按字母顺序排列,其重要程度又能通过改变字体大小或颜色来表现所以标签云可以灵活地依照字序或热门程度来检索一个标签。

https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%A0%87%E7%AD%BE%E4%BA%91

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tag_cloud

tag cloud

 

下面是三个免费的在线标签云图制作工具:

1.wordclouds

https://www.wordclouds.com/

 

2.jasondavies
 
 

3.worditout

 
 
 
 

麻省理工技术评论杂志(MIT Technology Review)推出了一个智能企业排名2017(50 Smartest Companies 2017),在这个智能企业50强排名中,大中华区有9家企业,其中7家在中国大陆,2家在台湾地区。

6. iFLYTEK(科大讯飞)

8. Tencent(腾讯)

11. Face++(旷视科技)

25. DJI(大疆创新)

33. Foxconn(富士康)

41. Alibaba(阿里巴巴)

42. HTC(HTC)

49. Ant Financial(蚂蚁金服)

50. Baidu(百度)

资料来源:

50 Smartest Companies 2017 英文原文:https://www.technologyreview.com/lists/companies/2017/

科大讯飞的相关中文报道:http://www.iflytek.com/content/details_135_2409.html

麻省理工技术评论杂志(MIT Technology Review)的中文官方微博: 

http://t.sina.com.cn/mittechnologyreview

 

50Smartest Companies2017

  1. Why

    Continues to tweak its chips, originally developed for gaming, to help develop breakthrough technologies like deep learning and autonomous driving.

    $3 billion:

    spending on R&D to create its new data-center chip

    Company Details
  2. 2 

    SpaceX

    Why

    Changing the economics of space travel with its successful landing and recycling of rockets to be recycled for multiple trips

    10 percent:

    price discount being considered for customers who agree to fly their payloads on reused rockets

    Company Details
  3. 3 

    Amazon

    Why

    Creating an AI-powered store of the future with Amazon Go while expanding intelligent voice assistant Alexa into phones, cars, and more.

    12,000:

    number of programs that software developers have published for Alexa

    Company Details
  4. 4 

    23andMe

    Why

    Vindicated this year when the U.S. FDA granted permission to tell customers whether their DNA puts them at higher risk for some diseases.

    1 million plus:

    number of customers who have consented to have their genetic information used for scientific research

    Company Details
  5. Why

    Continues to dominate research into AI while expanding innovation in phone systems, virtual reality, and self-driving cars.

    40 percent:

    amount of energy the company says it saves applying machine-learning algorithms from its DeepMind subsidiary to cooling its data center.

    Company Details
  6. 6 

    iFlytek

    Why

    Its voice assistant technology is the Siri of China, and its real-time portable translator puts AI to remarkable use, overcoming dialect, slang, and background noise to translate between Chinese and a dozen other languages with surprising accuracy.

    70 percent:

    iFlytek’s share of China’s market in voice-based technologies

    Company Details
  7. Why

    Nearing FDA approval of its experimental immunotherapy that uses a patient’s own blood cells to combat cancer.

    39 percent:

    proportion of study participants very sick with lymphoma who showed no sign of the disease six months after a single treatment with Kite’s therapy

    Company Details
  8. 8 

    Tencent

    Why

    Turning its insanely popular chat platform WeChat into a virtual operating system featuring mini programs.

    50 percent:

    proportion of WeChat’s 770 million daily users who are on the service at least 90 minutes a day

    Company Details
  9. Why

    The biotech company has a strong drug pipeline and track record treating eye and other diseases, and it’s testing treatments for rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, and pain.

    500,000:

    number of U.K. volunteers whose genetic data it is helping sequence

    Company Details
  10. Why

    Its blindness treatment could be the first gene therapy approved in the U.S. to treat an inherited disease.

    1 in 30,000:

    estimated number of individuals affected by the disease, Leber hereditary optic neuropathy

    Company Details
  11. 11 

    Face ++

    Why

    Pioneering new uses of face recognition technology, from fraud investigation to “smile to pay.”

    106:

    maximum number of points on a person’s face that its technology tracks

    Company Details
  12. Why

    Making advances in cadmium telluride cells; building three of the five largest solar projects in the U.S.

    $2.9 billion:

    estimated 2017 revenue

    Company Details
  13. 13 

    Intel

    Why

    Acquisitions in computer vision and AI show it’s serious about adapting to new technology.

    46 percent:

    portion of revenues derived from areas beyond PC chips

    Company Details
  14. Why

    Its solid-state version of lidar is cheaper and more compact than conventional versions of a technology essential to autonomous driving.

    $250:

    price of its S3 Lidar sensors for autonomous vehicles

    Company Details
  15. Why

    Overtook General Electric to become the biggest U.S. installer of new wind power last year and is investing in energy storage.

    14:

    consecutive number of profitable quarters

    Company Details
  16. 16 

    Apple

    Why

    Minting money selling its popular mobile phones and laptops while adding impressive names to its AI research team and promising to do more manufacturing in the U.S.

    $257 billion:

    cash on its balance sheet, more than the entire market value of General Electric

    Company Details
  17. 17 

    Merck

    Why

    In a first, the FDA has approved its immunotherapy Keytruda to treat cancers on the basis of the tumor’s genetic characteristics, not its location in the body.

    $39 billion:

    estimated 2017 revenue, buoyed by sales of Keytruda

    Company Details
  18. 18 

    Carbon

    Why

    Its novel 3-D printing process makes it possible to fabricate parts out of a wide variety of plastics.

    100,000:

    number of pairs of shoes Adidas will print by the end of 2018 using Carbon technology

    Company Details
  19. Why

    With nearly $100 million from VC firms, GE, Alphabet, and others, this startup is focused on cheap, fast 3-D printing of metal parts.

    $120,000:

    cost of its first product, to begin shipping in September

    Company Details
  20. Why

    RNA drug approved for a rare disease, spinal muscular atrophy

    36 plus:

    number of its RNA-targeted drugs in development

    Company Details
  21. 21 

    Gamalon

    Why

    Its technology can write and rewrite its own code, algorithms that will accelerate machine learning.

    100 times:

    its technology’s efficiency advantage over other machine-learning methods

    Company Details
  22. 22 

    Illumina

    Why

    After a drop in sales last fall, unveiled a new machine, NovaSeq, that will be capable of sequencing 48 entire human genomes in two and a half days—and could one day push the cost of genome sequencing down to $100.

    $850,000:

    price of the cheaper of its two NovaSeq models

    Company Details
  23. 23 

    Facebook

    Why

    Despite controversies over fake news, live streaming video, and discriminatory advertising, and poor sales of its Oculus VR headset, it continues to work on interesting applications of AI and VR, and its Instagram business is singing.

    20:

    number of natural-language data sets built into the company’s AI research tool, ParlAI.

    Company Details
  24. 24 

    Udacity

    Why

    Has found a business model for online education by working with corporations to make course material relevant to jobs; now connecting companies to students and graduates, too.

    15:

    number of “nanodegrees” the company offers in skills for selected jobs

    Company Details
  25. 25 

    DJI

    Why

    Has continued to innovate in consumer drones and begun expanding into drones for enterprise as well.

    50 percent:

    estimated North American market share

    Company Details
  26. Why

    Runs the largest online market in Latin America and is expanding to mobile point-of-sale transactions. Its MercadoPago online payment tool lets users deposit cash into their accounts.

    182 million:

    number of registered users, a 20 percent increase over the previous year

    Company Details
  27. 27 

    Microsoft

    Why

    Its fast-growing cloud business has reduced the software giant’s reliance on PC sales. Its expanding team of quantum computing experts hopes to develop commercially viable products to compete with efforts by Google and IBM.

    $15 billion:

    projected annual revenue for its commercial cloud business

    Company Details
  28. Why

    Though a startup, it’s got its own fab in the Bay Area and an ambitious approach to quantum computing that combines hardware and software, focusing on design that can be easily commercialized.

    $64 million:

    venture funding raised by the company in the past year

    Company Details
  29. Why

    Combining strengths of humans and robots into exoskeleton suits in a bid to help people and machines work together.

    Immersive teleoperation:

    the type of technology the company makes, in which a human controls a robot via a wearable device

    Company Details
  30. Why

    Evangelists of data-driven medicine are sorting through DNA sequences with AI algorithms to accelerate diagnosis in oncology, cardiology, and more.

    106,000:

    number of patients tested to date

    Company Details
  31. 31 

    Tesla

    Why

    Autopilot accidents, car maintenance problems, and concerns about its solar strategy and ability to produce enough cars have hurt, but cofounder Elon Musk continues to take big bets. Battery cell production has begun at his giant Nevada “gigafactory.”

    400,000 plus:

    number of preorders for its lower-cost Model 3

    Company Details
  32. Why

    Twelve years and $200 million in the making, its inexpensive, portable genetic analyzer has been successfully tested from Antarctica to space and shows promising for on-the-spot diagnostic testing, germ monitoring, and more.

    882,000 letters:

    record length of a single DNA strand read continuously by one of its machines

    Company Details
  33. 33 

    Foxconn

    Why

    Acknowledging the direction of Chinese manufacturing by shifting from low-cost human labor to add extensive robotics to its factories.

    60,000:

    number of jobs automation eliminated at a single Chinese factory

    Company Details
  34. 34 

    M-KOPA

    Why

    Its pay-as-you-go solar power model works well in its African target market, and the company is expanding sales with local communications leader Safaricom.

    500,000:

    number of homes connected as of this spring

    Company Details
  35. Why

    Headed by an academic from Carnegie Mellon University, the company is still in startup mode but has been garnering attention since last August, when it won the Pentagon’s DARPA contest with a bot designed to autonomously spot, test, and fix software security flaws.

    14:

    number of previously undiscovered vulnerabilities in networking devices the company’s tools have found

    Company Details
  36. 36 

    Flipkart

    Why

    Benefiting from the consolidation of India’s competitive e-commerce sector, including $500 million investment from eBay.

    $11.6 billion:

    company’s current valuation, the highest for any Indian e-commerce startup

    Company Details
  37. Why

    Leading gene-therapy company focuses on engineered T cells that recognize and kill cancer and other conditions. Its treatment for sickle-cell disease appears promising.

    66 percent:

    increase in stock price over the past year

    Company Details
  38. 38 

    Adidas

    Why

    Commercial production at its robot-heavy factory in Ansbach, Germany, is to begin this year, producing locally and on demand. A second factory has been announced in Atlanta.

    300 million:

    number of pairs of shoes Adidas makes each year, largely in Asia

    Company Details
  39. 39 

    IBM

    Why

    Exploring new technologies like blockchain and cloud AI while continuing work on important long-term challenges like quantum computing.

    400:

    number of customers the company has worked with on blockchain applications

    Company Details
  40. Why

    Moving to incorporate AI into its businesses as it focuses on technological innovation in wind and renewable energy, data-driven services, and other business lines.

    60,000:

    number of jet engines GE says will be connected to the Internet by 2020

    Company Details
  41. 41 

    Alibaba

    Why

    Quickly expanding the artificial intelligence in its Alibaba Cloud platform, including industry-specific products, and launching a global electronic trade platform to build its business with small and medium-size companies around the world.

    57 percent:

    Alibaba’s share of Chinese online commerce

    Company Details
  42. 42 

    HTC

    Why

    Despite some executive turnover and a tough year financially, the company has interesting prospects in virtual reality and access to China’s enthusiastic VR users.

    1,500:

    number of pieces of content outside developers have created for its VR system, Vive

    Company Details
  43. Why

    Its software helps companies including banks and insurers use AI to do back-office clerical tasks.

    189:

    number of deals the company signed in 2016, more than four times its 2015 number

    Company Details
  44. Why

    The online platform has consolidated all its consumer Web services—shopping, travel, food delivery, real estate sales, car rentals—under one name, Jumia.

    500,000:

    number of African companies that use Jumia’s platform

    Company Details
  45. Why

    Launched by well-regarded researchers and funded with venture capital backed by Chinese and U.S. pharmaceutical companies, it will sequence anyone’s genome for just $1,000 and interpret it, too. In 2017, it started offering to sequence newborns in China.

    1,250:

    number of conditions, risks, and traits it will tell parents about in their newborns

    Company Details
  46. 46 

    Daimler

    Why

    Delivering the first run of its short-haul all-electric truck this year while working on vehicle connectivity and autonomous driving for cars.

    200 kilometers:

    range of its lithium-battery-powered eTruck

    Company Details
  47. Why

    Looking to push AI-generated tools, such as an algorithm designed to summarize documents, to its massive user base.

    20 percent:

    market share in customer relationship software

    Company Details
  48. 48 

    Snap

    Why

    Though its glasses have not been a runaway hit, Snap was strategically smart to recast itself as a camera company. It’s entertaining users with face-altering filters and pioneering the use of machine vision and augmented reality for socializing.

    3 billion:

    number of snaps users create each day

    Company Details
  49. Why

    Its Alipay business, dominant in China, is moving into new markets with investments in India, Korea, and elsewhere. It’s now exploring AI as a means of underwriting lending, and blockchain to record customers’ charitable donations.

    450 million:

    number of annual active users

    Company Details
  50. 50 

    Baidu